Mangala Traditional Turkish Game is played with two persons. The game board consists of 12 small pits arranged in two parallel rows with 6 pits in each row and each player has one big treasury where he is going to collect his pieces. Mangala Game is played with 48 pieces.
Players distribute the 48 pieces in a way that each pit has 4 pieces. The 6 small pits lying side to side in front of each player is the area of that player. The 6 small pits in front of the opponent is the area of the opponent player.
Players’ aim is to collect as much piece as they can in their treasuries. The one who has the most number of pieces at the end of the game wins the game set. The game starts with drawing of a lot. There are 4 main rules of this game:
MAIN RULE 1: The player who has the right to start the game after the lot picks up 4 pieces from any pit in his own area. After leaving one piece into the pit where he started to collect the pieces, the player distributes the pieces in his hand one by one in the counter clock wise direction until all the pieces in his hand are distributed. If the final piece comes to his treasury, then the player has the right to play again. If the player has only one piece in his pit, he can move this piece to the pit on its right when it is his turn. Then it is the opponent’s turn to move his pieces. Each time, the final piece in the player’s hand determines the fate of the game.
MAIN RULE 2: While each player, when it’s their own turn to play, distributes the pieces taken from his pit, if there are still pieces in the player’s hand, he continues to put pieces into the pits in the opponent’s area. If the final piece in the player’s hand comes to a pit in the opponent’s area and makes the number of pieces in that pit even (such as 2, 4, 6, 8), the player gains all the pieces in that pit and put those pieces into his own treasury. Then it is the opponent’s turn to move his pieces.
MAIN RULE 3: When the player is distributing the pieces, if the final piece in his hand comes to an empty pit in his own area and if there are pieces in the opposite pit that belong to the opponent, the player not only gains the pieces in the opponent’s pit, but he also gains the piece that he left into his own empty pit and put them into his treasury. Then it is the opponent’s turn to move his pieces.
MAIN RULE 4: The game set is over when there is no piece left in one of the players’ areas. The player all of whose pits are emptied first gains the pieces in the pits of the opponent player. For that reason, the dynamism of the game never gets low until the very end of the game.
Mangala Game is played as 5 sets.
The winner gains (1) point, the loser gets (0) point and if it’s deuce then players get (0,5) point.
ALTERNATIVE WAY OF PLAYING: (CASTLE RULE)
• The 1st and the 2nd Main Rule mentioned under the title “How to Play Mangala Game?” exactly apply in the game with “the castle rule”. (Except the rule of leaving pieces into the treasuries when distributing them)
• The 3rd and the 4th Main Rule mentioned under the title “How to Play Mangala Game?” do not apply in the game with “the castle rule”. Instead;
– If, when he is distributing the pieces in his hand, the final piece in the player’s hand makes the number of pieces 3 in the opponent’s pit that the piece has come, then that pit becomes captured by the player. The player gains all the pieces that will be put into this pit either by himself or his opponent in the future. Pieces gained by the player are put into his own treasury. When the game is played with the castle rule, when distributing the pieces, the rule of putting pieces into treasuries does not apply. 2 pieces with different colors are used in order to identify the castle. Players cannot build a castle on the 6th pit. In a set, each player can build a castle only once. The game ends when there is no piece left in the pits in front of any one of the players. The player with some pieces left in his own area put these pieces into his own treasury. Finally, all pieces in the treasuries are counted. The player with the most number of pieces in his treasury wins the game.